Just as humans get affected by diabetes mellitus, animals too, can fall prey to the same deadly condition. Pets, too, can suffer from both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetic pets are unable to produce adequate insulin, or maybe their bodies do not utilize the insulin optimally.
Certain circumstances prompt a dog or cat to develop diabetes. Overweight animals or those whose pancreas are swollen are at a higher risk for developing diabetes.
The body requires insulin to metabolize the sugar, fat and protein from food into energy. Without insulin, sugar amasses in the blood and spills into the urine. Due to the high amount of sugar in the urine, the pet is compelled to pass large amounts of urine, which further results in the pet drinking lots of water. Furthermore, sugar levels in the brain regulate appetite. Without insulin, the brain becomes sugar deprived and the animal is always hungry, however they maybe weight loss because of wrong usage of nutrients from the diet.
Left untreated, diabetic pets are at higher risk to develop bladder, skin and kidney infections. Cataracts are also a common complication which can affect diabetic dogs, but which is rarely seen in cats. Cataracts may eventually result in blindness. Accumulation of fat is also seen in the liver. In dogs and cats, 2 major forms of diabetes are commonly seen-1) uncomplicated diabetes and 2) diabetes with ketoacidosis. Pets with uncomplicated diabetes may manifest the signs just described but are not extremely ill. Diabetic pets with ketoacidosis are very ill and may be vomiting and depressed and extremely lethargic.
Pets are an integral part of our family, so when such a pet develops diabetes all pet owners worry about them. Being aware about diabetes, type 1 and type 2 diabetes and the symptoms, can help pet owners make timely intervention and help save their life.
E151 – Diabetic Pets – www.diabetic.today