F or the body to perform its necessary functions, energy is required. This energy is provided by blood sugar.
When the body does not have enough or too little blood sugar, the condition is referred to as Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. Some of the causes of hypoglycemia are not eating enough food, too much exercise or, for diabetics, having excessive insulin in the body. Smoking has also been known to reduce blood sugar levels.
The symptoms of hypoglycemia include sweating, tiredness, decreased coordination, difficulty concentrating and dizziness. However, other more acute symptoms include a rapid pulse, blurred vision, confusion, convulsions and, in extreme cases, coma.
Hyperglycemia describes the opposite condition – when your body has high glucose levels in the blood, it is commonly referred to as high blood sugar. Hyperglycemia can be caused by excessive eating, inadequate exercise or for diabetics, missed insulin. This condition develops when the blood sugar levels are high and can build up over the course of the day or many days.
The primary symptoms of hyperglycemia comprise of increased urination, parched throat, hunger, fatigue, fruity breath, nausea and vomiting.
Persistent hyperglycemia can result in a broad spectrum of chronic complications that adversely affect almost every system in your body. When large blood vessels are affected, it can lead to – stroke, coronary heart disease, circulation disorders and maybe amputation. When smaller blood vessels are affected, it can lead to serious medical repercussions like kidney disease (nephropathy), nerve damage (neuropathy) or eye disease (retinopathy).
Both these conditions can cause complications that are life threatening. By regularly monitoring and testing your blood sugar levels and adhering to treatment guidelines, these problems can be avoided. Lifestyle changes can also be incorporated to prevent or reduce the severity of these conditions.