Breaking News
Home / About and Living / Type 2 diabetes complications

Type 2 diabetes complications

type-2-diabetes-complications-cap
CONSEQUENCES OF TYPE II DIABETES

Type 2 diabetes, can lead to short and long term complications. If effectively managed with focus on diet, exercise, medication and other lifestyle changes then these complications can be prevented.

type-2-diabetes-complications-cap-2
IMPAIRED GLUCOSE TOLERANCE (IGT), WHICH IS A FORERUNNER OF DIABETES, IS ALSO INCREASING, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER POPULATION.

Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperglycemia (very high blood glucose).

Long-term complications of type 2 diabetes are categorized into micro vascular v/s macro vascular complications.

Microvascular complications result from consistent high blood glucose levels that damage small blood vessels. This specifically affects the eyes (diabetic retinopathy), kidneys (nephropathy) and nerves (neuropathy).

type-2-diabetes-complications-cap-3
THERE IS A WIDE URBAN–RURAL DIFFERENCE IN THE PREVALENCE OF DIABETES INDICATING A MAJOR ROLE FOR URBANIZATION IN THE CAUSATION OF THE DISEASE..

Macrovascular complications occur when the large blood vessels are damaged, resulting in buildup of plaque which typically affects the heart, brain and blood vessels. This could result in cardiovascular diseases which include –  coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis) and high blood pressure.

Sexual dysfunction is often seen in diabetic men and women. Male diabetics, especially those who smoke tend to suffer from nerve and blood vessel damage which can lead to erection problems. Women with diabetes may experience a reduced sex drive, less pleasure from sex, vaginal dryness etc.

type-2-diabetes-complications-cap-4
THE IMPORTANT RISK FACTORS FOR THE HIGH PREVALENCE OF DIABETES INCLUDE:

Pregnant women with diabetes have a higher risk of miscarriage and stillbirth. If blood glucose level isn’t carefully monitored during the initial stages of pregnancy, there’s also a higher risk of the baby developing a birth defect.

So, as seen if diabetes isn’t treated, it can lead to a number of complications. These complications develop over many years and they all relate to how blood glucose levels can affect blood vessels. Over time, high blood glucose can damage the body’s blood vessels, both tiny and large, nerves and organs. Even a mildly raised glucose level that doesn’t cause any symptoms can also have long-term damaging effects.

E134 -Type 2 diabetes complications – www.diabetic.today

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Please follow and like us:
20

Check Also

Featured Video Play Icon

Insulin Basics for Diabetics

ShareRecent studies indicate that diagnosis of diabetes itself indicates that 75% of β-cells have failed. …

impact of diabetes

The Impact of Type1 and Type2 Diabetes

ShareThe condition and impact of diabetes mellitus may have been in existence for more than …

Prevention of type1 and type2

Prevention of Type1 and Type2 Diabetes

Share THE PREVENTION OF TYPE 1 DIABETES The autoimmune process in Type 1 diabetes begins …

Facebook Auto Publish Powered By : XYZScripts.com
Translate »
Social media & sharing icons powered by UltimatelySocial
%d bloggers like this: