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About and Living

Diabetes Basics and a Certain Degree of Order

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Share Finding out you have diabetes can be scary. People with diabetes can live long healthy lives. Let’s go over some basics. This is diabetes made simple. When we eat, food travels to the stomach. Food is made up of three basic components. Carbohydrates, proteins and fats. During digestion, carbohydrates are broken down into sugar, otherwise known as glucose. Here’s …

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Other Forms of Diabetes

forms of diabetes

Share Why are we humans becoming worse and worse at maintaining our weight and metabolic health? There are a range of conditions and susceptibilities that can lead to other forms of diabetes. FORMS OF DIABETES – MODY Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a group of diabetic syndromes that do not usually require insulin therapy. These are caused by …

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The Pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin Resistance

insulin resistance

ShareThe prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases with age. It is present in 1–2% of those aged 20–40 years but this rises to nearly 20% of those aged over 60 years. Type 2 diabetes is also linked strongly to obesity. The increased prevalence relates principally to decreased levels of physical activity and increased consumption of calorie-dense food. The risk of …

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Insulin Hormone Action

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ShareINSULIN HORMONE ACTION Insulin hormone is synthesized in and secreted from the islets of Langerhans in the endocrine tissue of the pancreas gland. The islets develop from endodermal outgrowths from fetal gut. The normal pancreas has about a million scattered islets of variable size. They comprise only 2% of pancreas volume. The islets contain four main cell types that produce …

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Disease and Serious Complications for Diabetics to Ruminate

disease

ShareDiabetes is associated with serious tissue complications resulting from disease of larger (macrovascular) and smaller (microvascular) blood vessels. Microvascular complications occur due to disease of smaller blood vessels, principally affecting the eye (retinopathy), the kidney (nephropathy) and nerves (neuropathy). These strongly relate to the duration of diabetes and the severity of hyperglycaemia. In the developed world, diabetic retinopathy is the …

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