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The Pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin Resistance

insulin resistance

ShareThe prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases with age. It is present in 1–2% of those aged 20–40 years but this rises to nearly 20% of those aged over 60 years. Type 2 diabetes is also linked strongly to obesity. The increased prevalence relates principally to decreased levels of physical activity and increased consumption of calorie-dense food. The risk of …

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Insulin Hormone Action

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ShareINSULIN HORMONE ACTION Insulin hormone is synthesized in and secreted from the islets of Langerhans in the endocrine tissue of the pancreas gland. The islets develop from endodermal outgrowths from fetal gut. The normal pancreas has about a million scattered islets of variable size. They comprise only 2% of pancreas volume. The islets contain four main cell types that produce …

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Disease and Serious Complications for Diabetics to Ruminate

disease

ShareDiabetes is associated with serious tissue complications resulting from disease of larger (macrovascular) and smaller (microvascular) blood vessels. Microvascular complications occur due to disease of smaller blood vessels, principally affecting the eye (retinopathy), the kidney (nephropathy) and nerves (neuropathy). These strongly relate to the duration of diabetes and the severity of hyperglycaemia. In the developed world, diabetic retinopathy is the …

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Prediabetes Care Or Scare? Blood Sugar and Normality.

ShareStay near your optimum weight. Obesity is believed to account for 80-85 percent of the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. When you carry excess weight, you are most likely to develop insulin resistance, a condition in which your body is unable to use the hormone insulin to convert glucose (sugar) to energy, which results in high blood sugar levels. …

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Explaining Symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2

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ShareThis film explains how the body processes the food we eat in order to provide all your body cells with the energy they need and what happens when you have diabetes and this system doesn’t work properly. Normal state (without diabetes) When you eat food that contains carbohydrates, its broken down in the stomach and digestive system into glucose which …

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