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Prevention of Diabetes – Type1 and Type2 – Hope vs Despair

Share THE PREVENTION OF TYPE 1 DIABETES The autoimmune process in Type 1 diabetes begins years before β-cells are destroyed. Measuring HLA susceptibility markers and autoantibody tests allows those at high risk of developing the disease to be identified. At present there is no reliable method of preventing its development. Studies in small groups of children have shown that aggressive …

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The Impact of Diabetes – Type1 and Type2

impact of diabetes

Share The condition and impact of diabetes mellitus may have been in existence for more than three thousand years. The two forms of diabetes were first described in the fifth century AD, one occurring in slim individuals who perished quickly (Type 1 diabetes) and the other in older overweight people who survived for longer (Type 2 diabetes). By the end …

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Insulin Hormone Action

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ShareINSULIN HORMONE ACTION Insulin hormone is synthesized in and secreted from the islets of Langerhans in the endocrine tissue of the pancreas gland. The islets develop from endodermal outgrowths from fetal gut. The normal pancreas has about a million scattered islets of variable size. They comprise only 2% of pancreas volume. The islets contain four main cell types that produce …

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The Prevention of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

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ShareTYPE 1 DIABETES: The autoimmune process in Type 1 diabetes begins years before β-cells are destroyed. Measuring HLA susceptibility markers and autoantibody tests allows those at high risk of developing the disease to be identified. At present there is no reliable method of preventing its development. Studies in small groups of children have shown that aggressive insulin therapy in those …

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What is Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Type 1 Diabetes

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ShareEPIDEMIOLOGY There is a large geographical variation in the incidence of Type 1 diabetes. In Europe, the frequency increases as from South to North although there is considerable variation between countries. The highest incidence of diabetes is seen in colder autumn and winter months and it is slightly more common in males than females (ratio 1.3:1). The frequency of Type …

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