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The Pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin Resistance

insulin resistance

ShareThe prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases with age. It is present in 1–2% of those aged 20–40 years but this rises to nearly 20% of those aged over 60 years. Type 2 diabetes is also linked strongly to obesity. The increased prevalence relates principally to decreased levels of physical activity and increased consumption of calorie-dense food. The risk of …

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Diabetes and Erectile Dysfunction – Erection to Fight Dejection

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ShareSildenafil (Viagra) was the first oral treatment for ED. It selectively inhibits phosphodiesterase-5 (PD-5), an enzyme that breaks down intracellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP). This causes smooth muscle relaxation and improves penile blood flow. It is effective in the presence of sexual stimulation but does not cause spontaneous erections or increased libido. Subsequently, the other PD-5 inhibitors, vardenafil and tadalafil, …

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Diabetes and Macrovascular Complications: Bad Heart?

Share Type 2 diabetes will lead to short and long term complications. If effectively managed with focus on diet, exercise, medication and other lifestyle changes, then these complications can be prevented. Long-term complications of type 2 diabetes are categorized into micro vascular vs macro vascular complications. Macrovascular complications occur when the large blood vessels are damaged, resulting from buildup of …

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Type 2 Diabetes Complications

Type 2 complications

Share CONSEQUENCES OF TYPE II DIABETES Type 2 complications are short and long-term. If effectively managed with focus on diet, exercise, medication and other lifestyle changes then these complications can be prevented. Short-term type 2 complications of diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperglycemia (very high blood glucose). Long-term type 2 complications of  diabetes are categorized into micro vascular …

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Diabetes and Race – We have a Duty of Care

race

Share  A lot of factors have been known to affect type 2 diabetes. There are certain factors that can be changed like, weight, exercise and stress taken, whereas there are those factors which are constant and unchangeable like race, age, gender and family history. The important point is to be aware of all factors so appropriate steps can be taken …

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