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Tag Archives: Type 2 diabetes

The Pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin Resistance

insulin resistance

ShareThe prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases with age. It is present in 1–2% of those aged 20–40 years but this rises to nearly 20% of those aged over 60 years. Type 2 diabetes is also linked strongly to obesity. The increased prevalence relates principally to decreased levels of physical activity and increased consumption of calorie-dense food. The risk of …

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Disease and Serious Complications for Diabetics to Ruminate

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ShareDiabetes is associated with serious tissue complications resulting from disease of larger (macrovascular) and smaller (microvascular) blood vessels. Microvascular complications occur due to disease of smaller blood vessels, principally affecting the eye (retinopathy), the kidney (nephropathy) and nerves (neuropathy). These strongly relate to the duration of diabetes and the severity of hyperglycaemia. In the developed world, diabetic retinopathy is the …

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Prediabetes Care Or Scare? Blood Sugar and Normality.

ShareStay near your optimum weight. Obesity is believed to account for 80-85 percent of the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. When you carry excess weight, you are most likely to develop insulin resistance, a condition in which your body is unable to use the hormone insulin to convert glucose (sugar) to energy, which results in high blood sugar levels. …

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Insulin Myth: Type 2 and the sliding scale of Insulin.

ShareThis is a myth which arises from an incorrect understanding of Type 2 diabetes. It is true that in Type 2 diabetes, a person requires insulin from an external source, but it is incorrect to think that in such a case the body no longer produces insulin. This never occurs in clinical practice. On the contrary, in Type 2 diabetes, …

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The Prevention of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

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ShareTYPE 1 DIABETES: The autoimmune process in Type 1 diabetes begins years before β-cells are destroyed. Measuring HLA susceptibility markers and autoantibody tests allows those at high risk of developing the disease to be identified. At present there is no reliable method of preventing its development. Studies in small groups of children have shown that aggressive insulin therapy in those …

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