A common myth circulating is that obesity causes diabetes. This is not true.
There is no direct correlation between obesity and diabetes. Yes, being overweight, the possibility of one developing type 2 diabetes is higher, but there are other risk factors to also consider, such as family history, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, ethnicity and age. Unfortunately, very often people neglect the other risk factors for diabetes and wrongly assume that weight is the only risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
Almost 90% of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are overweight or have obesity. Overweight people have additional stress on their body’s ability to properly utilize insulin to control blood sugar levels and are therefore more susceptible to develop diabetes.
The cause of type 1 diabetes—earlier known as “juvenile diabetes”—is genetics and other unidentified factors. On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes is said to be caused by lifestyle dynamics as well as genetics. Being overweight, not following a healthy diet, and a lack of physical activity can predispose one to develop diabetes, but most people still may not develop the disease. In fact, most overweight people have not been known to develop type 2 diabetes, while approximately 20% of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are of a normal weight, or underweight.
So effectively managing food plans to include healthy recipes, and regularly following an exercise schedule can control ones weight, which in turn can curb the development of type 2 diabetes. Reducing and keeping a check on the body weight can also help improve the body’s insulin sensitivity and lower the risk of developing cardiovascular and metabolic conditions.