Type 1 and 2 diabetics have been known to develop many diabetic foot problems. Studies have proved that out of the 16 million people suffering from diabetes, quarter are prone to developing foot pain symptoms.
Most foot problems occur when there is nerve damage. The most commonly seen nerve damage is peripheral neuropathy, which predominantly affects the use of legs and feet. People suffering from this experience a tingling, pain (burning or stinging) or weakness in the foot, resulting in loss of sensation in that foot.
Blood circulation problems in the feet cause excruciating pain. The effect of high blood sugar in the blood vessels, blood flow to the feet is completely or partially blocked resulting in lack of oxygen to the tissues, causing foot pain.
Diabetics are also prone to fungal and bacterial infections of the foot. High blood sugar levels are detrimental to a person’s immunity.
Muscles are further affected, tendons tend to become stiff and contract, which makes balancing difficult.
Diabetes also causes skin changes in the foot. Sometimes your foot may become dry, resulting in peeling and cracking of the skin. This is because the nerves controlling the oil and moisture in your foot no longer work.
Calluses occur frequently on the feet of diabetics. This is because of high-pressure areas under the foot.
Ulcers arise on the ball of the foot or on the bottom of the big toe. Although some ulcers may not hurt, each ulcer is a deep open sore or break in the skin, which should be attended to immediately. Neglecting ulcers can cause infections, which can cause loss of a limb.
Amputation of a limb is more common in diabetics as compared to other people. If infection sets in and healing is slow, then gangrene sets in, which will lead to amputation.
E122 – Diabetes and Foot Complications – www.diabetic.today