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Increased Insulin Resistance Leads to Type 2 Diabetes

increased insulin resistance

During the early stage of insulin resistance, amounts of insulin and beta cells become more compromised.

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Diagnostic criteria for pre-diabetes — A fasting plasma glucose test (blood test performed in the morning before you eat) shows that your blood glucose (sugar) reading is between 100 mg/dl and 125 mg/dl (5.5 mmol/l and 6.9 mmol/l). 0r during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) [you drink a sweet liquid containing glucose, and blood samples are drawn before and one, two, and three hours afterward], your two-hour glucose level is between 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/l) and 199 mg/dl (11 mmol/l).

Diagnostic criteria for diabetes — Your fasting blood sugar is 126 mg/dl (7 mmol/l) or higher, or an oral glucose tolerance test shows two hours into the test a blood glucose of 200 mg/dl (11 mmol/l) or higher, and/or two random blood sugar readings are 200 mg/dl (11 mmol/l) or higher. [As of early 2009 the hemoglobin A1c (a value that reflects your average blood glucose, 24/7, over a two-to three-month period) is being proposed as the preferred diagnostic test for diabetes.]

The next big question begs the answer, do you have to be overweight to defeat insulin and get diabetes. The truth is that actually about 20 percent of people who get type 2 diabetes are not overweight, nor are most people who get type 1 diabetes – approximately 20 percent of people who get type 2 diabetes are of normal weight.

Obesity usually causes increased insulin resistance, which, as explained, eating sweets does not lead to elevated blood sugars and diabetes. However, there are many other causes of insulin resistance besides obesity. We see this proven every day by the thin, insulin-resistant Asians treated. Additionally, we are now aware that type 2 diabetes has various genetic markers, not the one or two previously mistaken.

This mystifying metabolic interplay,  is one of the reasons why there is no imminent cure for diabetes. Yet, scrolling through numerous chat boards, diabetes specialist and patient blogs we see just how prevalent are these common misconceptions.

Another theory begs the question can thin people maybe be fat inside thereby causing increased insulin resistance? Just because you’re thin doesn’t mean you’re healthy and now there seems to be proof; though invisible to the naked eye, visceral (internal) fat, which surrounds vital organs can be just as dangerous as the subcutaneous (external) fat that bulges underneath our skin.

Doctors and their teams perform hundreds of MRIs to create “fat maps” showing where people store fat and increased insulin resistance is developed.

E286 – Increased Insulin Resistance Leads to Type 2 Diabetes – www.diabetic.today

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