The National Sleep Foundation has stated that 63% of American adults do not get adequate sleep which is necessary for good health and favourable performance. Diabetics are known to suffer from irregular sleeping patterns – either they have a problem getting sleep, or sometimes they sleep excessively.
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Even if they do get sleep, they find it difficult to stay asleep, with frequent interruptions to deep sleep patterns. Sleep-related problems are found to be largely associated with type 2 diabetes. The causes for this are many and could range from obstructive sleep apnea, pain or discomfort, restless legs syndrome, to the frequent need to urinate.
Sleep apnea, is a common breathing disorder that affects people when they sleep. This condition has been referred to as the ‘silent epidemic’. There are two types of sleep apneas- obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea (CSA). OSA is more common as compared to CSA.
OSA is a disorder wherein breathing is briefly and recurrently interrupted during sleep. The “apnea” in sleep denotes a breathing pause that lasts for the duration of at least 10 seconds. This apnea occurs when an obstacle prohibits air from entering the lungs. In most cases, one is not even aware that sleep was disturbed. If sleep was measured in a sleep laboratory by professionals, then brain changes that are characteristic of awakening would be recorded.
Sleep apnea is dangerous because it results in decreased oxygen levels in the blood as it prevents air from getting to the lungs. Heart and brain function has found to be affected by low oxygen levels. It also plays havoc with sleep patterns, leading to excessive fatigue in the day.
If one is suffering from sleep apnea, it is prudent to consult your mental health team and devise ways to deal with this condition.
E90 – Diabetes And Sleep Apnea – www.diabetic.today